The Canadian Provost Corps
1946 - 1968

Weapons

ARMS
Two Provost NCOs inspecting a detachment arms lockup. Weapons include Browning Hi-Power pistols and Federal Tear Gas Guns.

Submachinegun SMG C1

The submachinegun was the primary weapon carried by Canadian MPs in the field and by the late 1950s, World War 2 vintage Sten submachineguns were replaced by the SMG C1. The SMG C1 was a "Canadianised" version of the British Patchett Stirling SMG. It was manufactured by Canadian Arsenals Ltd at Long Branch, a suburb of Toronto Ontario. The standard magazine held 30 rounds, and a 10 round magazine was provided for use by vehicle crews. The SMG was selective fire and had a 100 and 200 yard aperature rear sight. It had a folding stock and was fitted for the standard Canadian C1 rifle bayonet. The SMG C1 was very popular and was considered one of the best of it's type in the world. It remained in service until the mid 1980s, when it was withdrawn and placed in war reserve stock.

SMGC1

View of the SMG C1 with the folding stock extended.

SMGC1

The SMG with the stock folded and a 30 round magazine fitted. A 10 shot magazine is in the foreground.

SMGC1

Closeup view of the top showing the magazine housing and marking details. Canadian SMG C1s bear 6 digit serial numbers beginning with a single digit, then the letter "S", followed by four digits. Note the government inspector's marks along the outer edge of the housing.

SMGC1

Closeup view of the bottom of the magazine housing, showing that this gun was made by Canadian Arsenals Limited in 1959.

SMGC1

Detail showing the method of attaching the bayonet.


Browning Hi Power Pistol

PISTOL

The primary pistol in use by Provost and later, Canadian Military Police, from 1944 until the mid 1990s was the 9 mm Browning Hi Power. It's magazine was capable of holding 13 rounds, but was normally only loaded with 10. A big advantage was that it fired the same ammunition as the SMG C1.


Federal Tear Gas Riot Gun

The Federal Riot Gun is an American made single shot smoothbore break action weapon. It is capable of firing 37 and 38mm tear gas and anti-riot projectiles. It weighs 2.5 kg empty and is 737 mm long. It is produced in several models, later versions have a vertical fore-grip and are fitted for slings. This gun has been in Canadian service since the early 1950s and stocks are still held.

RIOT

RIOT

The action open for loading. Note the folding 50 yard rear sight.

RIOT

Closeup of the open action. The reciever body and barrel are made of aluminum alloy.


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